Exercises of the Youths

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-37992 Annotation: This engraving shows native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races. Year: 1591

Champlain Exploring the Canadian Wilderness

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-3019 Annotation: This print shows Samuel de Champlain and two companions looking at a river as Indians carry the canoes to the shore. Born in the small Atlantic port of Brouage around 1580 to a Protestant family (although he became a Catholic), Samuel de Champlain fought in Henri IV’s army…

A Noblewoman of Pomeiock

Credit: Library of Congress Rare Book and Special Collections Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Media type: engraving Description: English: Native woman of Pomeiock carrying a clay vessel, and her daughter holding a doll and a rattle. Museum Number: LC-USZ62-76084 Year: 1590

The Dances at their Great Feasts

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-37992 Annotation: This engraving shows native youths shooting arrows, throwing balls at target placed atop tall pole, and running races. Year: 1591

The First Americans

Massacre of the Protestant Martyrs at the Bridge Over the River Bann in Ireland

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: Annotation: Shown here is a depiction of the murder by Irish Catholics of approximately one hundred Protestants from Loughgall Parish, County Armagh, at the bridge over the River Bann near Portadown, Ulster. This atrocity occurred at the beginning of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. Having held the Protestants as…

Baptism of Pocahontas, 1614

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Like the other seventeenth-century British colonies, Virginia aspired to convert the native populations. The Virginia Company’s instructions to its governors required them to make conversion one of their objectives. The most famous early convert was Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan, head of the Powhatan Confederacy. Pocahontas was baptized by…

Epistola . . . de Insulis Indie nuper inventis (Letter Concerning the Islands Recently Discovered. . . .); wrtitten by Christopher Columbus, 1492

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: print Museum Number: Annotation: After his first transatlantic voyage, Christopher Columbus sent an account of his encounters in the Americas to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. Several copies of his manuscript were made for court officials, and a transcription was published in April 1493. This Latin translation by Leandro de…

Portrait of Christopher Columbus

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: photograph Museum Number: Annotation: Black and white portrait of Christopher Columbus.

Massacre Fait A Sens En Bourgogne Par La Populace

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: Annotation: The slaughter of Huguenots (French Protestants) by Catholics at Sens, Burgundy in 1562 occurred at the beginning of more than thirty years of religious strife between French Protestants and Catholics. These wars produced numerous atrocities. The worst was the notorious St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in Paris, August 24,…

The Death of Columbus

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: lithograph Museum Number: 91721148 Year: 1893

Colonial Era

The Car of History

Credit: Architect of the Capitol Media type: statue Museum Number: Annotation: House of Representatives statue; Clio, the Muse of History, stands in a winged chariot representing the passage of time and records events as they occur. The car rests on a marble globe on which signs of the Zodiac are carved in relief. The chariot wheel is the…

Liberty (in the Form of the Goddess of Youth; Giving Support To the Bald Eagle)

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-15369 Annotation: This image depicts an allegory of American liberty. Liberty is represented by a young woman in a windblown diaphanous dress and garlanded with flowers in the form of the goddess Hebe, who is offering a cup to a swooping eagle, symbol of the proud new nation, descending from…

U.S. Constitution

Media type: miscellaneous-image Annotation: The United States Constitution ratified September 17, 1787. Year: 1787

The Statue of Freedom

Credit: Architect of the Capitol Media type: statue Museum Number: Annotation: The bronze Statue of Freedom by Thomas Crawford is the crowning feature of the dome of the United States Capitol. The statue is a classical female figure of Freedom wearing flowing draperies. Her right hand rests upon the hilt of a sheathed sword; her left holds a…

Early National Period

The Trapper’s Last Shot

PICTORIAL REFERENCE COPYNot to be reproduced in any form withoutwritten permission in advance from:Rights and ReproductionsThe Bancroft LibraryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley, CA 94720-6000Please refer to filenameFor more information:http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/reference/dsu/ Credit: The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Trapper’s Last Shot Year: 1850

John Brown Lithograph

Credit: US National Park Service Media type: lithograph Museum Number: Annotation: John Brown Year: 1867

Anti-Slavery Meeting On the Boston Common From Gleason’s Pictorial

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: Annotation: The illustration is from a popular nineteenth-century publication. It shows reformer Wendell Phillips (1811-1884) addressing an April 11,1851 meeting to protest the case of Thomas Sims, a fugitive slave being tried in Boston. A fiery and persuasive orator, Phillips was a member of the Boston Committee of Vigilance…

Joaquin, the Mountain Robber

Credit: California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California Media type: engraving Museum Number: Annotation: Joaquin Murrieta (sometimes spelled Murieta or Murietta) (1829–ca. 1853), also called the Mexican or Chilean Robin Hood or the Robin Hood of El Dorado, was a semi-legendary figure in California during the California Gold Rush of the 1850s. Year: 1848

Frontispiece To Easy Lessons For The Little One

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: book illustration Museum Number: Annotation: Coinciding with the rise of the middle class in American society, Easy Lessons for the Little One is characteristic of the type of “conduct literature” popularized in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Aside from offering simple instruction in manners and morals, “conduct literature” also attempted to use…

Carter’s Little Liver Pills

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: advertisement Museum Number: LC-USZ62-75898 Annotation: Trade card advertisement for Carter’s Little Liver Pills showing man dressing and woman with headache. Though available as a patent medicine into the mid 20th century, no evidence was ever brought forward to substantiate the claims that Carter’s Little Liver Pills had any effect for better or worse…

River View With Factory

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: painting Museum Number: LC-USZC4-5943 Year: 1857

Pre-Civil War

$150 Reward For Runaway

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: advertisement Museum Number: Portfolio 22, Folder 12b Annotation: Advertisement run in Kentucky newspaper ofering up to a $150 reward for the return of a runaway slave named Henry May. Even with the passage of fugitive slave legislature in the mid 19th century and the persistant use of “slave catchers”, advertisements offering rewards for…

Thou Shalt Tread Upon the Lion and Adder…, Declaration of Anti-Slavery Convention Assembled in Philadelphia, December 4, 1833

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: woodprint Museum Number: Portfolio 153, Folder 26 Annotation: In 1833, sixty abolitionist leaders from ten states met in Philadelphia to create a national organization to bring about immediate emancipation of all slaves. The American Anti-slavery Society elected officers and adopted a constitution and declaration. Drafted by William Lloyd Garrison, the declaration pledged its…

The Africans of the Slave Bark

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-41678 Annotation: African slaves on the deck of the slave ship Wildfire Year: 1860

9 Facts About Slavery You Won’t Learn In School

Human slavery is as old as time. It is still practiced today in many variant forms in countries all across the globe, including the United States. In this age of political correctness, some of these facts reveal inconvenient truths. I’ve listed a few sources I used for this article, and invite anyone who has an…

Plantation Economy in the Old South

Credit: The Warner Collection of Gulf States Paper Corporation, Tuscaloosa, Alabama Media type: painting Museum Number: Annotation: Plantation Life Year: 1876

The Slave Sale

Credit: Cosmopolitan Magazine [number 38, December 1904] Media type: engraving Museum Number: Annotation: Though the Atlantic slave trade ceased legally importing slaves on 1 January 1808, the earliest date allowed by the US Constitution, the practice of slavery and the sale of slaves in the United States continued until President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on the first…

Slavery in America

Radical Members of the First Legislature After the War, South Carolina

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: engraving Museum Number: LC-USZ62-28044 Annotation: An African American Majority in the South Carolina Legislature. Because blacks in South Carolina vastly outnumbered whites, the newly-enfranchised voters were able to send so many African American representatives to the state assembly that they outnumbered the whites. Many were able legislators who worked to rewrite the state…

Wolcott’s Instant Pain Annihilator

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: advertisement Museum Number: LC-USZC2-36 Annotation: Suffering man beset by demons; banishes them with Wolcott’s formula. Originating in 15th century Britain, patent medicines rose to American popularity in the 19th century often using colorful names and advertising extraordinary claims. Patent medicines were often the most popular products of advertising agencies and many modern advertising…

In the Swamp

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: painting Museum Number: LC-USZC4-2522 Year: 1863

Group of Contrabands

Credit: Library of Congress Media type: photograph Museum Number: LC-B8171-0383 Year: 1862