HERITAGE LIBRARY

DOCUMENTS, ARTICLES, AND VAST ARCHIVES
OF AMERICAN HISTORICAL TRUTHS

Dawes Act

Date:1887 Annotation: In 1871 Congress declared that tribes were no longer separate, independent governments. It placed tribes under the …

The Exclusion of the Chinese

Date:1884 Annotation: Article on Chinese exclusion in the North American Review. From 1882 until 1943, most Chinese immigrants were barred …

The Pendleton Act (1883)

Date:1883 Annotation: George Plunkitt, a local leader of New York City’s Democratic Party, defended the spoils system, through which …

The Chinese Exclusion Act

Date:1882 Annotation: The Chinese Exclusion Act, the first major restriction on immigration since the 1790 Naturalization Law, suspended immigration …

Indian Policy Reform

Date:1881 Annotation: In this presidential message to Congress, President Chester Arthur calls for reform of federal Indian policy. Document: Indian Policy …

The Battle of the Little Bighorn

Date:1881 Annotation: A Lakota chief’s account of the Battle of the Little Bighorn. Document: The Battle of Little Bighorn An Eyewitness …

Testimony of Benjamin Singleton

Date:1880 Annotation: Benjamin Singleton was born in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1809. Although he was sold as a slave numerous …

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce

Date:1877 Annotation: The last great war between the U.S. government and an Indian nation ended at 4 p.m., October …

The Custer Massacre

Date:1876 Annotation: A magazine article from Harper’s Weekly on Custer’s last stand. The United States government supported three forces led by Generals …

The Little Horn Massacre

Date:1876 Annotation: Hollywood film star Errol Flynn portrayed George Armstrong Custer as the personification of American heroism, as an …

Fort Laramie Treaty

Date:1868 Annotation: Treaty between the United States and the Plains Indians. In 1868, the Fort Laramie Treaty was signed that …

Sand Creek Massacre

Date:1864 Annotation: Documents relating to the Sand Creek, Colorado, Massacre of 1864. Newspaper editorials Between 1858 and 1859, the discovery …

Pacific Railway Act

Annotation: The Pacific Railway Act authorized construction of the first transcontinental railroad, extending from the Missouri River to …
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